- Manetho, an Egyptian priest and historian, arranged Egyptian history into 30 dynasties in the 3rd century BC in his work Aegyptiaka. Manetho, History of Egypt and Other Works, trans. W. G. Waddell, Loeb Classical Library 350 (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1940).
- Kenneth A. Kitchen, “The Chronology of Ancient Egypt,” World Archaeology 23, no. 2 (October 1, 1991): 206.
- Nicolas Grimal, A History of Ancient Egypt (Oxford, U.K.: Wiley-Blackwell, 1994), 389–95.
- David M. Rohl, A Test Of Time, 159–74; David M. Rohl, Pharaohs and Kings: A Biblical Quest (New York, N.Y.: Three Rivers, 1997); David M. Rohl, From Eden to Exile: The Five-Thousand-Year History of the People of the Bible (Lebanon, Tenn.: Greenleaf, 2009); David M. Rohl, The Lords Of Avaris: Uncovering the Legendary Origins of Western Civilisation (Hawthorn, Australia: Cornerstone Digital, 2010).